Depression Treatment in Noida
What is Depression?
Depression is an episodic disorder of mood that is characterized by sustained low mood, decreased energy levels. It can run in families or develop in response to a significant stressor, affecting the person and his/her family by low functioning and decreased income. One-third and one-half of patients also experience recurrence of depressive episodes.
What are the symptoms of depression?
Depression often presents with a combination of symptoms of sustained low mood most of the day, loss of interest in performing activities, reduced energy levels and early feeling of tiredness upon working or doing daily activities, reduced concentration, and forgetfulness, reduced self-confidence, ideas of guilt and feelings that life is worthless, pessimistic views of the future, ideas or attempts of self-harm or suicide, disturbed sleep commonly as early morning awakening and feeling low, decreased interest to start daily activities and reduced interest to eat food. Some may get false and fixed ideas of guilt that they are responsible for all the bad that happened, and some may hear voices criticizing them or making them follow commands in the absence of others.
How common is depression?
It is the most common psychiatric illness in India. It is seen in one in four Indians, commonly seen in persons suffering from chronic medical disorders (one in three).
Who gets affected more by it?
It can start at any age; however, adolescence to early adults (13-25 years) is the most common age, and females are affected two times more than males.
Is Depression seen in children?
It can be seen as early as in the first few years of life as they learn to imitate their mothers who suffer from depression. It is Seen in 2 in 100 children (<12 years) and 1 in 5 in adolescents (13-19). Childhood depression has been shown to lead to an increased risk of poor academic performance, impaired social functioning, suicidal behavior, alcohol/substance abuse, and increased risk of recurrent depressive episodes.
What is the treatment for Depression?
Treatment options for management of depression can be broadly be divided into antidepressants, and psychosocial interventions, and in few cases, antipsychotics. Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is the evidence-based psychological intervention for the treatment of depression. CBT can be done on an Out-Patient (OP) basis with regular planned sessions. Each session lasts for about 45 min–1 hour. The number of sessions depends on patient responsiveness. For few cases who are suffering from suicidal ideation or with psychosis, electroconvulsive therapy may be needed.